This is an “executive branch state agency that provides leadership in the development of the state’s international ports of entry as well as serving as the Governor’s advisor and point of contact” (“Welcome to the New Mexico Border Authority.” New Mexico Border Authority. nmborder.com). The Lieutenant Governor serves on the Board of Directors.
New Mexico has 3 points of entry: Santa Teresa about 42 miles south of Las Cruces; Columbus about 30 miles south of Deming (65 miles west of Santa Teresa); and Antelope Wells (the southernmost tip of New Mexico) about 97 miles southwest of Deming.
Santa Teresa and Columbus both include pedestrian traffic, United States and Mexican immigration services, commercial and non-commercial traffic, and customs brokers. Santa Teresa is also the largest livestock import/export facility, oversees Doña Ana County Foreign Trade, and processes international aircraft operations. Columbus additionally provides Temporary Vehicle Export Permits. Antelope Wells, which is an unincorporated area along the southernmost border, is one of the smallest ports of entry.
Many commercial operations pass through our ports: livestock and agriculture, equipment, international commerce via American and Mexican trucking companies, and many more import and export goods. Our southern ports are valuable to both the United States and Mexico.